A discussion on the relation between drugs and crime

This explanation of the relationship between drugs and crime is well supported in the literature and the media. It is more likely that drug use intensifies and perpetuates the commission of criminal offences.

Correlation between drug use and crime

As discussed above, some offenders consciously or not use this strategy to justify their behaviour and reject responsibility for their actions. Although the figures confirm the existence of crime directly and indirectly related to the use of illegal drugs possession versus trafficking, importing and production , there are nevertheless certain significant limits as a result of which the number of offences associated with illegal drug use is underestimated. It should therefore not be surprising that the crimes they most often commit are theft within the family or in the workplace, shoplifting, and the theft of small items e. The link between drugs and crime highlighted in this section pertains directly to drug use and drug possession. The evidence demonstrated that the closest link between drug use and crime occurs in drug users who are dependent on expensive drugs but cannot afford to buy them. A study on regular cannabis users was then presented. Moreover, the findings based on the link that the offender sees between his or her drug use and his or her crimes should be significantly clarified. The average age of the prisoners was Substance abuse and criminal activity Before moving on to crime and violence caused by the illegal drug market, this section examines another aspect that may explain the link between drug use and crime, i. Like cocaine, it stimulates the central nervous system. Consequently, if a criminal incident involves a robbery and a drug possession offence, only the robbery will be entered in the database. An approach that would fail to treat all factors contributing to drug use and crime or that would attribute a causal role exclusively to drug use would inevitably result in the implementation of ineffective policies. According to one study conducted by Forget in , [59] more than one-third of the individuals interviewed at the Montreal Detention Centre said that they had committed their crimes for the purpose of buying drugs. Foreign data Statistics similar to those gathered in Canada on crime related to drug use, trafficking and the production of illegal drugs are published the world over.

Trafficking in, importing and producing illegal drugs are forms of crime driven by different motives, such as the need to get money to buy drugs to satisfy a drug addiction. Alcohol has the highest relationship with aggressive crimes.

the relationship between crime and drugs: what we have learned in recent decades

In the vast majority of cases, moreover, they will never adopt a deviant lifestyle and will generally choose legal ways of financing their illegal drug use.

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Psychopharmacological link Many people associate drug intoxication with crime, sometimes even violent crime.

relationship between drugs and crime essay

Inversely, heroin and cannabis are generally associated with a weaker desire to use violence to resolve disputes. Addicts are forced to commit crime to acquire drugs.

Drug use and crime relationship

Young UK. Involvement in crime also varies depending on the economic, cultural and social context. Violence is then used as an organizational management strategy. As well, the mere fact that crimes are committed by drug users is not enough to say that drug use does cause crime or vice versa. As Brochu wrote: [Translation] The relationship between drugs and crime is not as easy to understand as some claim. In the view of various researchers, [47] some inmates prefer to associate their criminal behaviour with their drug use. The most widely used drugs other than cannabis were alcohol and tobacco, but most had also used other illicit drugs in their lifetime. Thus the cycle of poverty, addiction, and crime is repeated. Similarly, the introduction of alternative measures in that police officers could use when dealing with adult offenders instead of laying formal charges appears to have had a downward effect on the number of charges laid by police. The statistical population consisted of all addicted male prisoners in Zahedan central prison who were under methadone maintenance treatment in prison. For example, in Canada, the number of incidents determined through the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey reflects only the most serious offence committed at the time of a criminal incident. The evidence demonstrated that the closest link between drug use and crime occurs in drug users who are dependent on expensive drugs but cannot afford to buy them.
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Illegal Drug Use and Crime: A Complex Relationship