Some of the more significant conflicts took place beginning inand At the behest of the United States, Israel did not respond to this attack in order to prevent a greater outbreak of war.
Gamal Abdel Nasser ramped up rhetoric against Israel and mobilized Egyptian forces in preparation for war. Both Jews and Muslims consider the city of Jerusalem sacred. Zionists wanted to reestablish a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
By the mids, Syrian-backed Palestinian guerillas had begun staging attacks across the Israeli border, provoking reprisal raids from the Israel Defense Forces.
The leaders of the Arab states were left shocked by the severity of their defeat. For the next several centuries, the land of modern-day Israel was conquered and ruled by various groups, including the Persians, GreeksRomansArabs, Fatimids, Seljuk Turks, CrusadersEgyptians, Mamelukes, Islamists and others.
In concert with the air strikes, Israeli tanks and infantry stormed across the border and into the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip. They reached consensus that there should be no recognition, no peace, and no negotiations with the State of Israel, the so-called "three no's".
Palestinians Further information: Israeli—Palestinian conflict The s were marked by a large number of major, international terrorist attacks, including the Lod Airport massacre and the Munich Olympics Massacre inand the Entebbe Hostage Taking inwith over Jewish hostages of different nationalities kidnapped and held in Uganda.
This initial military success, which came to be known to Egyptians as "the crossing," served as a sign of victory after 25 years of defeat. These territories were all captured by Israel, though the Sinai Peninsula was later returned to Egypt. Civil war broke out throughout all of Israel, but a cease-fire agreement was reached in The conflict was calmed by the Camp David Accords inwhich bound Egypt and Israel in a peace treaty.