An analysis of erich fromms views on social psychodynamics

Fromm was reportedly an atheist [4] [n 2] but described his position as "nontheistic mysticism". Fromm's Career Throughout his life, Fromm maintained a busy career that included numerous teaching positions in addition to publishing a number of books and running his own clinical practice.

There he came into conflict with orthodox Freudian psychoanalytic circles. He "just didn't want to participate in any division of the human race, whether religious or political," he explained decades later Wershba, p.

The individual also requires a sense of rootedness, or belonging, in order to gain a feeling of security, and needs a sense of identity as well. By submitting one's freedom to someone else, this act removes the freedom of choice almost entirely.

erich fromm books

In several books and essays, Fromm presented the view that an understanding of basic human needs is essential to the understanding of society and mankind itself.

However, departing from traditional religious orthodoxy on this, Fromm extolled the virtues of humans taking independent action and using reason to establish moral values rather than adhering to authoritarian moral values.

An analysis of erich fromms views on social psychodynamics

All the while, Fromm maintained his own clinical practice and published a series of books. According to Fromm, the "escape" from freedom experienced upon reaching adulthood and gaining independence from one's parents leads to a profound sense of loneliness and isolation, which the individual attempts to escape by establishing some type of bond with society. Fromm identified a discrepancy between early and later Freudian theory: namely that, prior to World War I, Freud had described human drives as a tension between desire and repression, but after the end of the war, began framing human drives as a struggle between biologically universal Life and Death Eros and Thanatos instincts. Fromm's brand of socialism rejected both Western capitalism and Soviet communism , which he saw as dehumanizing, and which resulted in the virtually universal modern phenomenon of alienation. Erich Fromm: The Courage to be Human. Sleep and Dreaming Erich Fromm was a German social psychologist and psychoanalyst, who was associated with the Frankfurt School of critical theory. Indeed, Fromm viewed the experience of "falling in love" as evidence of one's failure to understand the true nature of love, which he believed always had the common elements of care, responsibility, respect, and knowledge. In Escape from Freedom, he found value in the lack of individual freedom, rigid structure, and obligations required on the members of medieval society: What characterizes medieval in contrast to modern society is its lack of individual freedom…But altogether a person was not free in the modern sense, neither was he alone and isolated. Additional topics. In , he began his practice and was associated with the influential Institute for Social Research in Frankfurt. This is why they felt "naked" and "ashamed": they had evolved into human beings , conscious of themselves, their own mortality, and their powerlessness before the forces of nature and society, and no longer united with the universe as they were in their instinctive , pre-human existence as animals. Building primarily upon the early works of Karl Marx , Fromm sought to re-emphasise the ideal of freedom, missing from most Soviet Marxism and more frequently found in the writings of libertarian socialists and liberal theoreticians. I tried to do the same with Marx's theory, and finally, I tried to arrive at a synthesis which followed from the understanding and the criticism of both thinkers.

Sigmund Freud's Theories in Psychology Contributions to Psychology Today, Erich Fromm is widely regarded as one of the most important psychoanalysts of the 20th century. Orientation can be achieved either through assimilation relating to things or socialization relating to people.

Beyond a simple condemnation of authoritarian value systems, Fromm used the story of Adam and Eve as an allegorical explanation for human biological evolution and existential angst, asserting that when Adam and Eve ate from the Tree of Knowledge, they became aware of themselves as being separate from nature while still being part of it.

Fromm outlined three of the most common escape mechanisms: Automaton conformity: changing one's ideal self to conform to a perception of society's preferred type of personality, losing one's true self in the process; Automaton conformity displaces the burden of choice from self to society; Authoritarianism: giving control of oneself to another.

Erich fromm spouse

According to Fromm, the unique character of human existence gives rise to five basic needs. Translators Ian Portman, Manuela Kunkel. Fromm outlined three of the most common escape mechanisms: Automaton conformity: changing one's ideal self to conform to a perception of society's preferred type of personality, losing one's true self in the process; Automaton conformity displaces the burden of choice from self to society; Authoritarianism: giving control of oneself to another. According to Fromm, the "escape" from freedom experienced upon reaching adulthood and gaining independence from one's parents leads to a profound sense of loneliness and isolation, which the individual attempts to escape by establishing some type of bond with society. The marriage dissolved after four years. He began his own clinical practice in See Article History Erich Fromm, born March 23, , Frankfurt am Main , Germany—died March 18, , Muralto, Switzerland , German-born American psychoanalyst and social philosopher who explored the interaction between psychology and society. His second important work, Man for Himself: An Inquiry into the Psychology of Ethics, first published in , continued and enriched the ideas of Escape from Freedom. One was born into a certain economic position which guaranteed a livelihood determined by tradition, just as it carried economic obligations to those higher in the social hierarchy. In , Fromm wrote Escape from Freedom, an analysis of totalitarianism that would become a classic in political philosophy and intellectual history as well as in psychology. Contrasting with these negative orientations is the productive character, capable of loving and realizing its full potential, and devoted to the common good of humanity. Erich Fromm: His Life and Ideas. Fromm was reportedly an atheist [4] [n 2] but described his position as "nontheistic mysticism". Beyond a simple condemnation of authoritarian value systems, Fromm used the story of Adam and Eve as an allegorical explanation for human biological evolution and existential angst, asserting that when Adam and Eve ate from the Tree of Knowledge, they became aware of themselves as being separate from nature while still being part of it. Drawing on his knowledge of the Talmud, Fromm pointed out that being able to distinguish between good and evil is generally considered to be a virtue, but that biblical scholars generally consider Adam and Eve to have sinned by disobeying God and eating from the Tree of Knowledge.

The receptive character can only take and not give; the hoarding character, threatened by the outside world, can not share; the exploitative character satisfies desires through force and deviousness; and the marketing character—created by the impersonal nature of modern society—sees itself as a cog in a machine, or as a commodity to be bought or sold.

Indeed, Escape from Freedom is viewed as one of the founding works of political psychology.

Rated 9/10 based on 45 review
Download
An analysis of erich fromms views on social psychodynamics