Bolshevik revolution and the end of provisional government in russia


On the other hand, the able recruit Leon Trotsky , who had brought his own faction into the Bolshevik ranks in the wake of the July Days uprising, strongly supported Lenin and began active preparations. Martov and other Mensheviks , this leader of the Bolsheviks had journeyed to Russia across Germany, Sweden, and Finland. Kerensky spent the next few weeks in hiding before fleeing the country. Main articles: October Revolution and Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Milrevcom proclamation about the overthrowing of the Provisional Government On 24—26 October Red Guard forces under the leadership of Bolshevik commanders launched their final attack on the ineffectual Provisional Government. On 11th February, , a large crowd marched through the streets of Petrograd breaking shop windows and shouting anti-war slogans. His troops managed to capture Tsarskoe Selo but were beaten the next day at Pulkovo. On July 8 July 21 the government was reorganized, and Kerensky became prime minister. Red flags and banners began to appear, calling for the downfall of the monarchy. The Bolshevik leaders were released. The White Army represented a large group of loosely allied forces, including monarchists, capitalists and supporters of democratic socialism. On July 4, throngs of soldiers, workers, and sailors from the Kronstadt naval base marched through the city in armed ranks. However, the Tsar effectively nullified his promises of Democracy with Article 87 of the Fundamental State Laws, and then subsequently dismissed the first two Dumas when they proved uncooperative.

Its hopes of obtaining a ministerial post for one of its members, however, were disappointed. The Mensheviks often supported the actions of the Provisional Government and believed that the existence of such a government was a necessary step to achieve Communism.

Bolshevik revolution and the end of provisional government in russia

The release of the German divisions engaged on the Eastern Front might have made it possible for Gen. Manor houses were burnt down and in some cases wealthy landowners were murdered. Only about one-eighth of those attending declared themselves for the Bolsheviks. Russian historian W. It appears as though Tsar Nicholas II never really considered Russia a constitutional state and invariably held on to his strong inclination towards an Autocratic Russia. Without unnecessary fuss, quite delicately. Discontent continued to spread throughout Russia from the cities to the countryside. On July 8 July 21 the government was reorganized, and Kerensky became prime minister. Two weeks later a German counteroffensive drove the Russians back in confusion. Kerensky agreed—but then had a change of heart.

It had to fight for power in Moscow, and its support in the provinces was weak. On September 1 September 14, Kerensky proclaimed Russia a republic.

The leaders of the provisional government, including young Russian lawyer Alexander Kerensky, established a liberal program of rights such as freedom of speech, equality before the law, and the right of unions to organize and strike.

Even that foundation had been shaken by the Revolution ofthe loss of the Russo-Japanese Warand a long series of military failures in World War I.

Each floor was crowded with soldiers and Red Guards, who went from room to room, searching for arms, and arresting officers suspected of anti-Bolshevik sympathies.

why did the provisional government fail

Voting during this period showed that only about forty out of a total of 1, were Bolsheviks. The pressures of industrialization were worsened by the actions of Tsar Nicholas II. Petersburg and Moscow nearly doubled, resulting in overcrowding and destitute living conditions for a new class of Russian industrial workers.

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Provisional Government in Russia