Branches of philosophy 1

Humanism is a perspective that affirms some notion of human nature. Criteria of value: de gustibus non est disputandum i.

Branches of philosophy pdf

The Mahayana branches of Buddhist thought is the dominant philosophical tradition in East Asian regions such as China , Korea and Japan. Furthermore, consider two well-known problems in epistemology: Russell's Five-Minute-World Hypothesis : Suppose the earth were created five minutes ago, complete with memory images, history books, records, etc. Theology and to some extent Ontology — The philosophies that deal with God and religion. Traditionally metaphysics sets the questions for philosophy. In other words, Metaphysics is the study of the most general aspects of reality, pertaining to subjects such as substance, identity, the nature of the mind, and free will. The 20th century saw the split between Analytic philosophy and Continental philosophy , as well as philosophical trends such as Phenomenology , Existentialism , Logical Positivism , Pragmatism and the Linguistic turn. Some key Medieval thinkers include St. Introspective and intuitional attempts to gain knowledge are rejected. Babylonian astronomy also included much philosophical speculations about cosmology which may have influenced the Ancient Greeks.

A basic overview of the branches, see our more complete list below. Skeptical examination often results in a position of ambiguity or doubt.

Definition of philosophy by different philosophers

Metaphysics — is concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world. Philosophy of Religion: Theology is concerned with the study of God, recommending the best religious practises, how our religion should shape our life, and so on. The scientific method is a rule-set with which we can debunk our theories. The absence of an empirically identifiable meeting point between the non-physical mind and its physical extension has proven problematic to dualism and many modern philosophers maintain that the mind is not something separate from the body. Colin McGinn and others claim that no philosophical progress has occurred during that interval. In other words, matter is the only substance, and reality is identical with the actually occurring states of energy and matter. Introspective and intuitional attempts to gain knowledge are rejected. We can say logic is the philosophy of mind, while ethics is the philosophy of the heart. The Western tradition of ethics is sometimes called moral philosophy. Different degrees of emphasis on this method or theory lead to a range of rationalist standpoints, from the moderate position that reason has precedence over other ways of acquiring knowledge, to the more extreme position that reason is the unique path to knowledge. Useful encyclopedia entry from the authoritative Encyclopedia Britannica outlining the branches of philosophy. This encompasses individual, interpersonal, and group psychology and theories of group decision making and collective intelligence. Shop Philosophy For a belief system called Evolutionary Philosophy, it is helpful to have a grounding in the principles of philosophy. Law isn't often directly dealt with by philosophers, but much of political philosophy obviously has a bearing on it. However, these divisions remain helpful for identifying what's at stake.

Axiology is usually divided into two main parts. Obtaining and verifying data that can be received from the senses is known as empirical evidence. Logic is about the symbolic representation of language and thought processes.

Review Smith and Marx for a look at economic and political theories, then maybe study Nietzsche and Popper to see how their theories expand on that. Ethics, the study of how individuals should act, depends on Epistemology, because we need knowledge to make good choices.

axiology philosophy

Basically concerned with how our languages affect our thought. If you like them, remember that we introduced you to them and you can find lots great supplemental content on our site.

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Branches of Philosophy