Civil war there is still victory in defeat
The burden was on the North to defeat the Confederacy and compel the return of the eleven wayward states to the Union. In this sense, Railroads in the Civil War offers a fine blend of military, social, and economic history.
Much of Europe expected and desired a Confederate victory. Other things being equal, Confederate military leadership were confident that if the Union did not display Napoleonic genius, the tactical and strategic power of the defensive could offset the Northern superiority.
This describes a poor strategy that wins a lesser objective but overlooks and loses the larger objective. John Cook has identified four specific Confederate advantages: the psychological edge of fighting for independence and to protect their homes and way of life; interior lines and geography, including rivers, mountains, and swamps that were the equivalent of successive lines of fortifications; higher per-capita production of corn, livestock, and other necessities of life; and cotton, which, properly utilized, could provide economic and diplomatic benefits.
It is not intended to be complete but to illustrate the concept.
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Historian Shelby Foote has even compared the Union war effort, given its greater store of resources, to a fight in which an opponent has one hand tied behind its back: Had the South been more victorious on the battlefield, the North still would have had resources to draw upon to squash the rebellion, whereas the South fought with all it had to offer and still could not exact a decisive victory against its opponent. Some Southerners were counting on the manpower their slaves could provide in the war effort. But the real heart of this book lies in the case studies of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga troop movements. Battle of Chosin Reservoir ,   Korean War : the Chinese army attempted to encircle and destroy the UN forces but in a day battle in freezing weather, the UN forces inflicted crippling losses on the Chinese while making a fighting withdrawal. That, combined with the stated neutrality of Britain and France, all but silenced opposing perspectives from Democrats and Copperheads in the North, reducing overall Northern political support for the Confederate cause. The South could have won, but its counter-productive military and political policies ensured its defeat. As usual, God was on the side of the heaviest battalions. Northerners violently disagreed on slavery, the draft, civil liberties, and the war itself.
These twin accomplishments are as worthy of a federal holiday as any holiday we already celebrate. Lee split his army in the face of Hooker's larger Union force; the audacious strategy allowed the Confederate army to win the day against a numerically superior foe.
As such, it captured the imaginations of Northerners and Southerners alike, highlighting the popular importance of the eastern theater of the American Civil War in any future cessation of hostilities.
And there would be fireworks. By declining to use slaves as soldiers, moreover, the heavily outnumbered Confederacy failed to exploit fully its available manpower. Lee's weakened army went on the offensive, but less than two months later was defeated and forced to retreat after the Battle of Gettysburg.
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It is not intended to be complete but to illustrate the concept. Congratulate the President for me for the double victory. He describes intense planning needed to undertake the movement of twenty-three thousand soldiers across eight different railroad lines as well as the reaction of the men stuffed into makeshift troop cars in clear and penetrating prose. It could stop producing headstones for Confederate graves—as Steven I. Learning Objectives Summarize the reasons the Union won, and identify crucial turning points in the Civil War Key Takeaways Key Points Some historians believe that the Confederacy would have had a chance at victory had they attempted to outlast the Union by maintaining a defensive, rather than an offensive, overall strategy. All in all, Railroads in the Civil War provides a well-crafted overview of the importance of railroads in nineteenth-century warfare and a very accessible account of the emergence of railroad policy as a major factor in the outcome of the Civil War. The vast cost of the siege and subsequent Spanish campaign to recapture the Dutch gains achieved little and by Spain was bankrupt.
Learning Objectives Summarize the reasons the Union won, and identify crucial turning points in the Civil War Key Takeaways Key Points Some historians believe that the Confederacy would have had a chance at victory had they attempted to outlast the Union by maintaining a defensive, rather than an offensive, overall strategy.
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