One officer was disarmed by the crowd; his partner was shot in the elbow by a third officer. Witnesses described multiple gunshots from multiple men, one of them "firing like he was in some Western, running backward toward the door and firing at the same time.
The project first took shape inwhen Malcolm signed an agreement with journalist Alex Haley to co-author the book for Doubleday Press.
Malcolm had hoped to subvert the generic conventions of autobiography that elevate the singular, private person over the collective, political public.
An articulate public speaker, a charismatic personality, and an indefatigable organizer, Malcolm X expressed the pent-up anger, frustration, and bitterness of African Americans during the major phase of the civil rights movement from to As with the assassination of other famous figures, Malcolm X's demise boasts its fair share of conspiracy theories.
It was thereafter that he earned his name, el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz. Thanks for watching! The officers attempted to intimidate the crowd.
All three men were convicted, though Butler and Johnson always claimed innocence and Hayer testified that they weren't involved. Betty, who was pregnant at the time with the couple's twins, had thrown herself onto the rest of her children to shield them from the gunfire.