All Pervasive: Management is used by all departments of an organization and by all organizations, irrespective of size, nature and location. Scientific management theory emphasizes of improving the productivity of workers through science. Morale is considered to be integral to employee performance.
It doesn't mean that we need two separate sets of personnel, but each manager performs both the managerial as well as administrative functions.
Creativity helps to find the best alternative choice and how to implement it. Management theories help to clarify these types of goals for managers and inform on how best to realize those goals.
Question-2 What is relationship between planning and controlling?
But, the managers with creative minds will bring the necessary changes and implement the decisions through proper strategies and methods.
It devotes more time on planning and coordinating functions. Behavioral Management Theory focuses increasingly on human elements and viewing the workplace as a social environment.
This method is criticized due to its complexities since double reporting is needed. A more elaborate definition given by George R. It was developed using experts from multiple scientific disciplines to solve the issues around integrating systems of people, materials and systems.