The history and various forms of the roman governmennt

roman republic government

Fantastic interactive maps show the growth and decline of the Roman Republic and Empire. Senators were, for centuries, strictly from the patrician class. They were usually craftsmen or tradesmen and they worked for a living. Some of the laws may seem odd to us today, but they offer a great glimpse into everyday life during the Republic.

Roman government branches

These people then became a part of Rome, rather than enemies fighting against it. Once free, the Romans established a republic, a government in which citizens elected representatives to rule on their behalf. The issue of debt relief for the plebs remained indeed pressing throughout the century. A number of important events took place at the end of the Roman Kingdom and beginning of the Roman Republic. Centered north of Rome, the Etruscans had ruled over the Romans for hundreds of years. They were usually craftsmen or tradesmen and they worked for a living. Like the other assemblies, they voted along tribal lines with each tribe having one vote. After a term as consul, a Roman man joined the Senate for life. This means that Rome was under the power of a monarchy in its earliest period, which is a system of government that has one ruler. The Roman embassy sent to investigate the affair was insulted and war was promptly declared. This innovation became known as a republican system.

This article is part of our larger resource on the Romans culture, society, economics, and warfare. While one should remember that the emperor Caligula was also removed by the same Praetorian Guard.

Roman republic definition

They were not allowed to be consuls again for ten years. Unlike the other assemblies, who met in the Forum, the Centuriata met on the Campus Marcus or Field of Mars outside the city. Under these circumstances, the Senate and the consuls could appoint a temporary dictator to rule for a limited time until the crisis was resolved. Lateranus also became the first plebeian consul in ; Stolo followed in Many historians believe that in the first stages of the Roman Republic, a praetor maximus was appointed for one year only. A republic is quite different from a democracy, in which every citizen is expected to play an active role in governing the state. The Twelve Tables One of the innovations of the Roman Republic was the notion of equality under the law.

Under the king and later the Republic, this person not only oversaw public morality but took the census, registering both citizens and their property.

It was the job of the senate to give advice to the two consuls. He controlled the imperial patronage and no one could hold office without his consent. Popular assemblies were by now sovereign; this put an end to the crisis, and to plebeian agitation for years.

The membership of this new body was divided into centuries one hundred menin total. The nobles who had overthrown the king and his family had not come to an agreement regarding the type of government that would replace the monarchy.

The people began to elect magistrates, who shared power and represented the citizens of Rome.

Ancient rome

The plebians, who comprised the majority of the army and did most of the real work, rebelled, going on strike and demanding an equal voice in the government. Click here for our comprehensive article on the Romans. This article is part of our larger resource on the Romans culture, society, economics, and warfare. Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication. Their duties were in many ways similar to that of the consuls; however, they could veto any magistrate decision as it related to the plebeians. Until the Tables were written, the Roman law was considered sacred, for having been established by the monarchy and pontiffs. They usually lived in grand houses and had slaves to do their work for them. Each consul could veto the other, they led the army, served as judges, and had religious duties. After they had served their year they were replaced. A republic is quite different from a democracy, in which every citizen is expected to play an active role in governing the state. Consuls had to work closely with the Roman Senate when making decisions. The ranks of the Senate were drawn from ex-consuls and other officers, who also had to be landowners. The Senate convened and passed laws in the curia, a large building on the grounds of the Roman Forum. Continue Reading.

Roman Government: Consuls The citizens of Rome voted for two consuls. The Concilium Plebis represented the plebeians.

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